Welcome to Harmonistan! Over the last decade, the term “participation” has become increasingly overused. When everyone has been turned into a participant, the often uncritical, innocent, and romantic use of the term has become frightening. Supported by a repeatedly nostalgic veneer of worthiness, phony solidarity, and political correctness, participation has become the default of politicians withdrawing from responsibility. Similar to the notion of an independent politician dissociated from a specific party, Miessen’s “Participation” tetralogy encourages the role of what he calls the “crossbench practitioner,” an uninterested and non-biased outsider, who is not limited by existing protocols, and who enters the arena with nothing but the will to generate change.

Miessen argues for an urgent inversion of participation, a model beyond modes of consensus. Instead of reading participation as the charitable savior of political struggle, he candidly reflects on the limits and traps of its real motivations. Rather than breading the next generation of consensual facilitators and mediators, he argues for conflict as an enabling, instead of disabling, force. Miessen calls for a format of “conflictual participation”— no longer a process by which others are invited “in,” but a means of acting without mandate, as uninvited irritant: a forced entry into situations, territories and practices that arguably benefit from exterior thinking. Sometimes, democracy has to be avoided at all costs!